Surgery Instructions – Breast Reduction Mammoplasty
REDUCTION MAMMOPLASTY: BREAST REDUCTION
MEMORIZE THIS PAPER PRIOR TO SURGERY
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM A BREAST REDUCTION
Women who suffer from overly large breasts do not need to be told of the discomfort they suffer. They often suffer from neck and back pain. It is difficult to find attractive clothes that fit properly. The rubbing motion of the breasts against the chest can cause skin irritation, while the bra straps gouge into the shoulders.
The woman who opts for reduction mammoplasty generally feels like a new person after surgery. Her posture is improved. She feels better, looks slimmer, and often develops a new confidence in herself.
For some patients, reduction mammoplasty is covered by medical/health insurance. The surgery is performed at the Highland Park Plastic Surgery Center.
OTHER BREAST IMPROVEMENTS
Often, other breast sculpting procedures are performed in conjunction with a breast reduction. These include reduction of excessively large areola (colored areas around the nipples), correction of inverted nipples, or reduction in size of overly prominent nipples. Breasts that are unequal in size can be made more symmetrical. Women are generally unable to breast feed after breast reduction surgery.
THE PREOPERATIVE VISIT
This visit will be scheduled approximately two weeks before surgery. It will give you an opportunity to ask questions you might not have asked previously. We will review your medical history, give you a pre-operative examination, arrange lab tests, and discuss what to expect during surgery. If you are over forty years of age or have a history of heart abnormalities, we will arrange for an electrocardiogram. We will also take preoperative photographs, which become a permanent part of your medical record and remain strictly confidential. Your operative consent will be read and signed, preoperative instructions reviewed, and prescriptions for the medications will be given to you at this visit. Your fee will be due at this time.
Arrangements to facilitate overnight or postoperative care will be made to suit your individual needs. Facility and anesthesia charges are separate from the surgeon’s fee.
WHAT TO EXPECT DURING SURGERY
Reduction mammoplasty is usually performed at The Highland Park Plastic Surgery Center on an outpatient basis under general anesthesia. A board-certified anesthesiologist or anesthetist will be present to make you comfortable and unaware throughout the procedure.
Before surgery begins, you will be asked to change into a surgical gown and will be taken into a private operating room. An intravenous line will be inserted into a vein in your arm. This will make it possible for the anesthesia provider to administer fluids and to deliver the necessary medications to make you comfortable. Monitoring devices will be connected to you to assure your safety.
Your chest area will be cleansed with an antiseptic solution and then covered with surgical drapes. The incision is made around the areola to allow repositioning of the nipple to a higher, more attractive location. The nipple is not completely detached from the skin. The excess fatty tissue, breast tissue, and skin will be trimmed to reduce, tighten, and reshape the breast. Finally, the incision will be closed with sutures. After the sutures are in place, the breasts will be wrapped with supportive bandages. A small drain may be inserted into each breast and left in place from two to four days. Your breast reduction will take about two hours. If performed in conjunction with other procedures, surgery will naturally take longer.
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER SURGERY.
You will be transferred to a recovery room adjacent to the surgical suite, where you will be continuously monitored as you recuperate from the effects of the surgery and anesthesia. You will be allowed to go home after a recovery period of one to two hours, or transferred by our nurses to the adjacent hospital for a planned overnight stay. You should feel fine, although it is not unusual to expect some minor discomfort.
You must arrange for a responsible person to spend the first night and the next day with you. We will give them instructions for care before you leave. Have them read this paper prior to your surgery. This is absolutely necessary as you will not be able to care for yourself immediately following surgery. They will be required to wake you periodically throughout the first night.
NOTE: If you live out of town, you must make arrangements to stay within a thirty- minute drive of the center for the first twenty-four hours after surgery.
Because everyone is different, it is impossible to write postoperative instructions that apply equally to everyone. For example, some patients can have sedation vs. general anesthesia or outpatient vs. inpatient surgery. Some patients have only a single procedure and others may have multiple surgeries in a single setting. Use these instructions as a general guideline, but don’t panic if we vary on some issues.
Bathe your entire body and hair with Hibiclens the night before surgery and again the morning of surgery. Hibiclens is an anti-bacterial antiseptic liquid soap which should be available at your local pharmacy. Sleep on clean sheets the night before surgery and wear clean clothes to your surgery.
Medications: Take the medications we prescribed according to the instructions on the bottle. You may feel a bit drowsy, so have someone help you. If you need a refill, call the office and give us the number of your drugstore or pharmacy. Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen for four weeks before or two weeks after your surgery. Tylenol is allowed if preferred over the prescribed pain medication.
TED Hose: The Hose we instructed you to buy and wear is for the prevention of
deep venous thrombosis (blood clots). Deep venous thrombosis affects mainly the veins in the lower leg and the thigh. This clot may interfere with circulation of the area, and it may break off and travel through the blood stream. This clot can then lodge in the brain, lungs, heart, or other areas, causing severe damage to that organ or even death. Any surgical procedure that will inhibit your activity post operatively, especially breast reduction, there is a risk of blood clots. You will be required to wear your TED Hose during surgery and keep them on for 2 weeks after.
Smoking: Smoking or nicotine use (chewing tobacco, nicotine gum, snuff) can have a severe detrimental effect on wound healing. The nicotine decreases the vital blood supply to the skin and can cause poor healing or even skin death. STOP ALL NICOTINE PRODUCTS 2 MONTHS BEFORE AND AFTER SURGERY.
Caffeine– Excessive use of products with caffeine such as coffee, tea, or soft drinks, especially Diet Coke, can have similar effects as nicotine. STOP ALL CAFFEINE PRODUCTS 2 WEEKS BEFORE AND AFTER SURGERY.
Hormone replacement therapy and birth control pills increase the incidence of blood clots. STOP 2 WEEKS BEFORE AND AFTER SURGERY.
What to expect:
Bruising. This lasts for two to three weeks.
Feeling of tightness. This subsides over several weeks. Sensation of numbness of the breasts and nipples.
REMEMBER THE BRUISING, SWELLING AND NUMBNESS IS RARELY SYMMETRICAL.
Call (214) 363-4444 if you have:
Severe pain which does not respond to medication.
Significant swelling, and/or unrelenting pain which occurs more on one side than the other.
One breast swollen 10% more than the other.
Shortness of breath or labored breathing can be a sign of a blood clot in your lungs.
Any problems or questions that we haven’t covered on this instruction sheet.
Activity: You should take it easy the day of your operation and the following days. Increase activity as instructed. Do not lift anything over ten pounds for two weeks. You may feel more comfortable sleeping with your body a little flexed- like having a pillow under your knees if you are on your back or you can sleep on your side with your hips flexed. Because of the pain medications, you may feel light headed and need assistance getting to and from the bathroom the first day.
Pain: The period of greatest discomfort usually lasts about twenty-four to forty-eight hours. Thereafter, you should have less discomfort and less need for medication. Occasionally, it lasts a bit longer, as different people have different pain tolerances.
Alcohol: Do not drink alcohol for five days after surgery or when taking pain medication.
Driving: You may drive when you feel up to it, starting 24 hours after surgery.
Never drive under the influence of pain medication or sedatives.
Diet: Start with liquids the first few hours and then progress to your regular diet, as you desire.
Bra: You must wear the provided or recommended bra day and night for four weeks.
After the first 48 hours you may remove the bra to shower or change it. As a general rule, you should not go braless.
Bathing: You may shower 48 hours after your surgery. Do not use very hot water. Do not loosen the steri-strips or tape on the incisions.
Sun: Do not sit in the sun at all for one week after surgery. Then you may gradually increase sunbathing. If the incisions are exposed, apply sunscreen for six months.
Sports: Strenuous sports such as tennis, swimming, jogging, aerobics, or bicycling may be resumed after three weeks with a sports bra for support. Refrain from any activity, which significantly raises your body temperature, blood pressure, or heart rate for three weeks after surgery.
Work: Depending on the kind of work you do, you may be able to return to your job as soon as you are comfortable. If your work is fairly sedentary, you may go back to work in three to five days.
Postoperative visits: One to two days after surgery, you will be seen at our center. Your breasts will be examined at this time, dressings will be changed, and we then place you in your bra. You will need to buy a bra prior to surgery, and we will give you a description of the specific bra we feel does the best job. This bra must have separate cups, no underwire, and adjustable straps. Subsequent visits: The timing of the drain removal (if present) and all further office visits will be determined by your progress. Typically, the stitches will be removed 5-6 days after surgery, and your next visit will be 3-4 weeks later.
Incision Care: Even though the majority of the incision line is closed tight and healing well after 48 hours, there will occasionally be small areas of scabbing or open now wounds that will require a few more days of polysporin ointment applied to those areas only. Keep the entire incision line covered with sterile non-stick gauze (Telfa) until the stitches come out and steri-trips are applied a week later. This helps protect the sensitive incision lines from irritation form the bra.
Delayed Healing: Occasionally there may be small areas of skin breakdown that will be slow to heal. These areas should not be steri-striped and instead treated with polysporin ointment and a bandaid after you bathe. With time they will heal on their own or rarely have to be surgically revised.
Steri-strips, or tape, are the single most important factor that reduces scarring. The tape helps to flatten the scar and keeps it from spreading or widening as the internal sutures dissolve. The steri-strips will be placed on your breast incisions after
the sutures are removed. Watch how the nurse applies the glue and tape, as you will be doing this once a week for four to six weeks. Depending on your skin oils and physical activities i.e., sweating, bathing, or swimming, your tape may or may not stay on very long. The longer you can have your tape on the incisions without changing, the better the scar result. Frequent tape changes can sometimes cause an allergic rash manifested by redness, swelling, and itching. If this happens, stop the tape and glue immediately and call our office. The rash will generally subside on its own, or we may need to prescribe a cortisone ointment. If any of the areas along the incision exhibit irritation, redness, drainage, or open skin, DO NOT APPLY THE TAPE.
Scars-Although most scars are acceptable poor scarring is the single biggest drawback to this surgery. Individuals with varied skin types scar differently and despite our best efforts we cannot predict or guarantee how you will scar.
In individuals with light colored skin, the scar is usually red for a few months then fades. In darkly pigmented individuals like blacks, asians, or latins, the scar may become and remain darker than the surrounding skin. The scar can even become raised and tender; this is a called hypertrophic or keloid scarring. Sometimes raised or keloid scars can be treated with cortisone tape or injections. Other scars that are wide or hypergpigmented can be improved with scar revisions. A scar revision, if advised by Dr. Toledo, is usually performed after waiting at least 6 months and will carry an additional expense.
You will be more comfortable using the private postoperative waiting room for your initial postoperative visits. Park at the handicap spot in front of the Sherry Lane door. Press the doorbell and we’ll let you in from the inside.
Please feel free to call us at any time during your healing period. THE OUTCOME OF YOUR SURGERY IS IN YOUR HANDS AS WELL AS THE DOCTOR’S. IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN TO YOU.
Possible Problems and Complications
No surgical procedure is without risk. Most complications associated with breast lifts, however, are minor. Here are some possible problems:
Inability to breast feed. Persistent and noticeable scars
Collection of blood under the breast (hematoma). This can be removed. Temporary crusting which forms on the incision.
Loss of sensation in the breast. This is fairly common, but in time, sensation usually returns.
Decreased or absence of sensation in one or both nipples. This may or may not return.
Extraordinary sensitivity when breast incisions are touched. This occurs occasionally, but disappears with time.
Depression. With aesthetic surgery, as with other surgical procedures, this sometimes occurs postoperatively. This is generally attributed to the normal response of the body to surgery and anesthesia.
Asymmetry. No patient is identical from side to side. Small differences exist in all patients. In the occasional patient with a major difference, this can be improved with a secondary procedure.
Hypertrophy or keloid scarring – this can be treated with cortisone injections, tape, or possibly scar revisions. This problem is frequently seen in dark pigmented individuals.
Poor scarring is the single biggest drawback to this surgery.
Potential but unlikely complications Infection:
Poor healing of skin.
Loss of a small area of skin or nipple and areola (necrosis).
Persistent pain in the breasts. This occurs rarely, and if it does, it usually disappears with time.
Deep venous thrombosis (blood clots) affects mainly the veins in the lower leg and the thigh. This clot may interfere with circulation of the area, and it may break off and travel through the blood stream. This clot can then lodge in the brain, lungs, heart, or other area, causing severe damage to that organ or even death. This is the reasons we have you stop hormones, wear TED hose, and walk every 3 hours the night of surgery.
Complications of a severe nature, which could be life threatening
There is evidence of an increased incidence of MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) and other antibiotic resistant bacteria in our community. In the past, these resistant bacteria were typically found only in hospitals, but they are now found everywhere. Frequently people can be a carrier of the bacteria without their knowledge. An infection with this bacteria can cause severe damage to the skin and even death. We are diligent in cleaning and sterilizing our facility and try to limit the exposure of outside bacteria from patients into our surgery center. We therefore have implemented the following hygiene steps to help prevent the contamination of our facility and therefore decrease your post operative infection risk.
Bathe your entire body and hair with Hibiclens® the night before surgery and again the morning of surgery. Hibiclens® is an anti-bacterial, antiseptic liquid soap which should be available at your local pharmacy. Sleep on clean sheets the night before surgery and wear clean clothes to your surgery.
YOU MUST ENTER INTO YOUR SURGERY FULLY UNDERSTANDING NOT ONLY THE BENEFITS, BUT ALSO THE POSSIBLE PROBLEMS. ON RARE OCCASIONS, MINOR REVISION MAY BE NECESSARY TO ENHANCE THE FINAL RESULTS.
NOTE: Reduction mammmoplasty does not increase or decrease the chance of getting breast cancer. Examination of the breasts is still possible after breast reduction.
WHAT YOU WILL SEE IN THE MIRROR
Your breasts will look smaller and more youthful. It takes four to six months after surgery for your breasts to obtain their final shape. At first they may be somewhat bruised and “boxy” in appearance. This “boxy” look occurs because suture lines are non- elastic right after surgery, and any postoperative swelling goes to the sides of your breasts. Your supportive bra will help shape the breasts as the swelling diminishes and the suture lines begin to relax.
After twelve to eighteen months, the scars will have faded and will be less conspicuous. The thin scar around the areola tends to blend nicely because of its location between the darker pigmentation and lighter skin. Most of the scar in the breast crease will be hidden under the breast, and the third scar will be on the underside of the breast.
For most of our patients, the results of breast reduction surgery are so favorable that the scars become a minimal consideration.
The instructions above are general and some portions may not apply to all patients. Changes in the instructions depend on your medical history, number and type of procedures and type of anesthesia.